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Similipal Biosphere Reserve

Similipal National Park, Odisha


Similipal Biosphere Reserve in Mayurbhanj Odisha is a public park and a tiger safe in the Mayurbhanj area in the Indian province of Odisha covering 2,750 km2 (1,060 sq mi). It is important for the Mayurbhanj Elephant Reserve, which incorporates three secured territories — Similipal Tiger Reserve, Hadgarh Wildlife Sanctuary with 191.06 km2 (73.77 sq mi) and Kuldiha Wildlife Sanctuary with 272.75 km2 (105.31 sq mi). Simlipal National Park gets its name from the wealth of red silk cotton trees filling in the area. It is the seventh biggest public park in India.

The recreation center is home to Bengal tiger, Asian elephant, gaur, and chausingha. alongside a portion of the delightful cascades like Joranda and Barehipani Falls.

  • Mountains
  • Waterfalls
  • Natural Lifes
  • Tigers
  • Elephants
  • Deers

Photo Gallery

Similipal Biosphere Reserve in Mayurbhanj Odisha, Covering a tremendous zone of 2750 km2 out of which 303 km2 from the center region, thick biosphere hold is a safe-haven and one of the tiger undertakings and public parks of India. With a wide scope of precipitation and edaphic varieties, from dry deciduous to soggy green woods, it is appropriate to numerous types of vegetation.


Around 42 types of well evolved creatures, 29 sorts of reptiles and 231 types of birds are in this level. The normal mean height of Similipal is 900 meters. There are tall sal trees in enormous numbers. The pinnacles of Khairiburu (1178 meters), Meghasani (1158 meters), and others welcome. Aromatic champak blossoms renew the air. The luxuriously shaded orchids on the green foliage are alleviating. Amidst the thick backwoods, the mid year stands lowered.


A few streams like Budhabalanga, Khairi, salandi, Palpala, and so forth start from the slopes and wander through the backwoods. A large number of them have falling rapids and frothing falls prior to leaving for the fields.

The all-encompassing perspectives on the cascades at Barehipani (217 meters) and Joranda (181 meters)[6] are charming. Fish is found in wealth in the greater part of the streams. The quiet of Similipal is at times broken by the trilling of the birds. The thick timberland and riverine framework fill in as an incredible home to probably the most wonderful animals.


Simlipal elephant hold started primarily as a chasing ground for the eminence. It was officially assigned a tiger save in 1956 and under Project Tiger in May 1973. “Mugger Crocodile Scheme” was begun in 1979 at Ramatirtha, Jashipur.


The Government of Odisha announced Simlipal as a natural life asylum in 1979 with a territory of 2,200 square kilometers (850 sq mi). Later in 1980, the state government proposed 303 square kilometers (117 sq mi) of the asylum as a public park. Further, in 1986, the zone of the public park was expanded to 845.70 square kilometers (326.53 sq mi). The administration of India announced Simlipal as a biosphere saves in 1994. UNESCO added this public park to its rundown of Biosphere Reserves in May 2009.[4][5] There are 10,000 individuals living in 61 towns in the timberland. That is the reason Simlipal is yet to be pronounced an undeniable park, in spite of its having the situation with one of the 18 biospheres of India.

Geographical Information

The park is in the Mayurbhanj district in the Indian state of Odisha. Simlipal Elephant Reserve is an ecosystem complete with forest vegetation (mainly sal trees), fauna and the adjoining Ho / Santhal tribal settlements. The park has an area of 2,750 square kilometres (1,060 sq mi). The average elevation is 559.31 metres (1,835.0 ft). However, the Similipal area is undulating, rising from 600 metres (2,000 ft) to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft).


The high hills surround Meghasani/Tunkiburu, the highest peak in the park. At an altitude of 1,165 metres (3,822 ft), followed by Khairiburu at above 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) elevation. At least 12 rivers cut across the plain area. The prominent among them are Budhabalanga, Palpala Bhandan, Kharkai River and Deo.  This sprawling forest has two prominent waterfalls – Joranda/Jorodah 181 metres (594 ft) and Barheipani/Barhai 217 metres (712 ft) that gives a panoramic view to the park. 


Summers are hot with temperatures around 40 °C (104 °F) whereas the winter months can be as low as 14 °C (57 °F). The rainfall ranges from moderate to heavy.


Simlipal comes under a high cerebral malaria-prone zone. In cerebral malaria the sequestrated red blood cells can breach the blood brain barrier possibly leading to coma. Cerebral malaria, if not detected, causes death within 15 days of infection.


Initial symptoms of cerebral malaria are often mistaken as those of acute jaundice. There have been many recorded cases of death due to cerebral malaria after visits to Simlipal. Therefore, it is extremely important for tourists to be aware of the threats posed by cerebral malaria before planning a visit to Simlipal. 

Best Foods

There is no food. You have to carry your own food. You can get Hotels from Nearest the town area.

Best Time To Visit Similipal Tiger Reserve

The best an ideal opportunity to visit Similipal is during the winters which last from the start of December till the finish of February. The thick woodland looks excellent with all the restored greenery after the downpours. Touristic occasions are fun doing this season on account of the agreeable climate. The greatest months to visit Similipal is from October to February.

Transportation (Direction)

Simlipal has a number of entry points, all of which are easily accessible from the town Baripada located about 108 km away from the sanctuary. To help you plan out your trip, here is a detailed account on the most convenient ways to reach Simlipal National Park.


By Air
People coming in from outside the country can fly in to the Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata, or the Biju Patnaik International Airport in Bhubaneswar; each situated roughly 365 km and 191 km away from Similipal respectively. Buses and taxis are available from either airport to take visitors directly to the National Park. While both airports have domestic terminals as well, the closest domestic airport from the Park is the Sonari Airport in Jamshedpur, Jharkhand. It is about 190 km away from Similipal and just around three hours of a bus or car drive away.


By Rail
The Balasore Railway Station located around 100 km away from Similipal is the nearest railhead from the Park. It is situated on the main Howrah-Chennai line and is connected to a number of major cities through trains running on the South Eastern Railway. The Baripada Railway Station is also located almost the same distance away from Similipal and can be accessed as a connecting railway junction as well.


By Road
The nearest town from Similipal is Baripada; situated on the junction of National Highway 5 and 6, it is around 250 km from Bhubaneswar, 235 km from Kolkata and 60 km from Balasore. Public buses run by OSRTC, along with private transportation in all forms is available to reach Baripada from major towns nearby. The different entry points to the National Park can be reached through buses, taxis and jeeps available from Baripada – the entry point Pithabata is 21 km away; Jashipur is 95 km away via NH 6; Lulung is just 20 km away via NH 5.

How to Prepare for Place

First of all, there has a little problem with drinking water. So, you have to carry sufficient drinking water.   visit in this season, you preferably hold all your winter garments, shoes, blankets, and also necessary things you want to carry.  

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ's)



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