Boudh Bihar of Ganiapali In Baragarh Odisha. The Ganiapali town is verifiably acclaimed as it is accepted to be a Buddhist spot before. An uncommon sculpture of Lord Buddha sitting in Lotus Posture with a snake on his head with its hood extended has been the focal point of consideration by the tourists. Unfortunately, this uncommon sculpture was taken from this town in 2007 and it is yet to be followed.
Boudh Bihar of Ganiapali In Baragarh Odisha is one of the uncommon Muchhalinda Buddha Vihars in India. The site was exhumed under the support of P.G. Department of History, Sambalpur University; Odisha in 1978. This was a Muchalinda Buddha religious community of Gupta period. It covers a territory of one and half sections of land. It is arranged close to the union of the Ang and the Magar streams. Presently it is under Gaisilat block, Padampur Sub-Division and in the locale of Bargarh.
There are sufficient confirmations to build up that Buddhism was far and wide in West Odisha from the second century BC to the sixth century AD. In this period Nagarjuna used to remain at present Narsinghnath. Nagarjuna was an incredible expounder of the Madhyamika Philosophy of Mahayana Buddhism. Chinese travelers Hieun Tsang and Itsing have composed that ruler Satakarni (106-130 A.D.) constructed a radiant Vihara for his scholar companion Nagarjuna at Po-lo-mo-lo-ki-li (Parimalagiri). The referenced Po-lo-mo-lo-ki-li (Parimalagiri) is available day Gandhamardhan Hill range. At that period this locale was under Daksina Kosala and was administered by the Satavahana ruler Gautamiputra Satakarni.
It is accepted that the construction of the Buddhist cloister was initially a multi-celebrated one, made of very much consumed block. Be that as it may, the establishment plinths in certain spots have been annihilated because of block looting. A chaitya lobby, hints of the dividers of the cells and offices of the Bhikshus and beggars of the cloisters are likewise taken note. The removal has plainly uncovered some residence like structures on the northern side and little chambers and cells grouped together on the southern side. Other than the cloisters, two life-size Buddha pictures, one the Muchalinda Buddha and the other portraying Buddha in the posture of conveying the principal message at Sarnath, are found on a little stone mandapa.
Elaborately, these pictures can be dated to the Gupta Period of c fourth – fifth century AD. Additionally, a little stone plaque of ruddy chlorite portraying Buddhist pictures of Hariti and Panchika, of early archaic period is likewise recuperated from this site.
In the Buddhist content Vinayapitaka, it is referenced that the snake ruler Muchalinda ensured Lord Buddha. Buddha was disturbed by downpour and tempest during the subsequent week following his edification. The snake raised its hood over his head and made an umbrella. The neighborhood individuals love this sculpture as Naga-Muni (the snake sage).
Ganiapali Muchalinda sculpture was situated interestingly by the praised workmanship student of history Charles Fabri in 1961. He has dated this picture to the fifth to sixth century A.D. The name of the town Melchhamunda may have been a nearby touch of Muchalinda.
Orderly investigation and removal around there will decidedly illuminate the set of experiences and culture of this territory.
The district of Boudh is located in the centre of Odisha between 200 211 & 200 541 N Latitude and 830 341 & 840 341 E Longitudes and covers an area of 3450 sq km. It forms a part of the northernmost extremity of the Eastern Ghats.
It is bordered by the river Mahanadi and Angul district in the east, Nayagarh district on the south, Suvarnapur district in the north and Khondmal district on the west. Geographically, the district consists of two regions, 1. riverine alluvial plain stretching across northeastern parts drained by the Mahanadi and its tributaries and 2. hilly zones occupying the northwestern part, which are covered with dense deciduous forests and shelter rich wild life (Sinha 1971). The area has an average elevation of 130 to 150 m above Mean Sea Level.
The Bargarh District experiences an extreme type of climate with hot and dry summer followed by humid monsoon and chilling winter. The temperature varies between 10 degrees Celsius to 46 degrees Celsius. The winter season lasts between November to February.
No Food Available Here. You have to carry your own food.
The main festival of the Goddess falls every year on the full moon night of the month of Chaitra. The festival, in fact, starts 5 days before on the occasion of Dashami and culminates on the full moon night. There is the tradition of animal sacrifice here.
Boudh is well connected with road and rail with other district headquarters and the state capital Bhubaneswar. The distance of Boudh from Bhubaneswar is 240 km. One can come to Boudh via State Highway No. 1 and 14 (via Nayagarh–Charichhak) or can come by National Highway No. 42. (via Angul).Regular train services are available from Bhubaneswar viz. Bhubaneswar –Sambalpur Intercity Express, Hirakud Express, Puri-Sambalpur passenger train. To reach Boudh one has to get down at Rairakhol station. From here one has to travel around 27 km. either by bus or taxi to reach Boudh. The nearest airport is at Jharsuguda.
Normal preparation is enough for this place.
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