Bhairabi Temple In Boudh Odisha. Purunakatak, arranged a good ways off of 30 km. from Boudh on Boudh-Daspalla street, is an exchanging focus of some significance. Goddess Bhairabi is the managing divinity of the spot. Already the god was being venerated in a covered cabin, yet as of late a neighborhood financial specialist has developed a temple.GoddessBhairabi was the managing divinity of the then Samanta Raja SarangadharaMahapatra, who was the Samanta Raja of the last King of Brahmin administration of the tenth century AD, late Raja GandhamardanaDev of Dhrutipura of Gandharadi.Durga Puja celebration is seen here for 16 days. Only inverse to the Bhairabi sanctuary is the recently built sanctuary of MaheswarMahadev. Countless individuals from the region gather here during the Sivaratri celebration. The Sevayatsmanage the issues of both the sanctuaries and appreciate lands for their administrations.
In the heart of ancient Utkal was the famous Tantra Pitha, which is situated at Puruna Katak in Boudh District, known as “Devi Bhairabi Pitha”. Devi Bhairabi is the Istadevi or presiding deity of the then Chatrapur Gada Samanta, Mohapatra Royal Dynasty. During 895 A.D. the Somavanshi Maharaja Swabhaba Tunga was the king of Kosala. His only daughter, very wise and learned, was also the chief queen of the Bhoumakara dynasty, Maharani Tribhubana Mahadevi. She expired and her baby son Gandhamardan Dev was brought up by Swabhaba Tunga with the help of his brother Jajati Keshari. Gandhamardana Deva ruled over the kingdom with the capital at Dhrutipur. At that time his Samanta king of Mahapatra royal dynasty ruled over Chhatrapur Garh. When Samanta Mohaptra dynasty started the rule in this area, Goddess maa Bhairavi became the presiding deity or Istadevi.
But much before the Bhariabi Pitha became famous as Isthadevi Pitha, the shrine of Goddess Bhairavi was famous in entire Utkala as a Tantrapitha. As per the Madalapanji- “Navischa Utkal Desa – Bhairabi Kshetra Muchyate”. The famous shrine of Goddess Maa Bhairabi Siddha Tantra Pitha at Puruna Katak is almost closer to all devotees for Goddess of mercy. All nitis of Maa Bhairabi is strictly followed and observed as per the guidelines of Madala Pothi. In which form Goddess Bhairavi is worshipped here, it cannot be found anywhere in the process of nitis. So it is a different tantra pitha than others. From ancient ages Mahadevi Bhairabi is worshipped at Puruna Katak under the dense bamboo and mango forest. She is the presiding deity or Istadevi of Boudh. It is an integrated place of Mantra, Yantra and Tantra. Who ever visits to this place once, he feels the eternal importance of Goddess Bhairavi. Many scholars, philosophers and tantrikas have attained the enlightement of divine power of Goddess Bhairavi. It is only 29 kms away from Boudh town, 42 kms from Phulbani 199kms from Bhubaneswar.
Maa Bhairavi is situated just on the N.H.224 of Khurda-Bolangir National High Way. Sati committed suicide in the Yagyankunda as she couldnot tolerate the insult wordings spoken by her father Dakhya Prajapati against her husband Shiva. Shiva carried the half burnt dead body of Sati and moved here and there. Lord Vishnu applied Sudarshan Chakra to cut into pieces the body of Sati. Navi Mandal of Sati fell in the forest and flowed in the spring water. The Navi kamal settled on the foot of the mountain, in the Padma Narasingha thorny forest. Lord Shiva kept this Navi kamal of Devi Sati in his heart and started Tandaba Dance and at last, he was fully attracted and satisfied to this Padma Narasingha thorny forest and set up the Navi kamal in this Puruna Katak place, and proceeded to North. The different parts of Body of Sati fell in 108 places of India and these places are named by different names as Shakti Pithas. The Kamal Navi of Sati settled in Padma Narasingha thorny forest and named as Devi Bhairabi. Previously this pitha was far away from devotees and was located in Jhadakhanda which is situated on the right bank of the river Mahanadi, now known as Boudh. This kingdom was streched from Drutipur to 100 Kosa and four Samanta Raja’s (Vassal King) were in charge of smoth adminstration in four places, (1) Kusanga (2) Chhatrapur (3) Dharmagada (4) Bausuni. Chatrapur gada, the capital of Mahapatra Samanta Raja was situated 29 kms away from Boudh and was between two villages i.e. Salakata and Jiakata. Still now the ruined of the fort of Chatrapurgada is found near Salakata village which is extended in an area of 8 acres of land. During March 1986 March a copper plate was exavated from this place.
Chatrapur Samanta king was older than the Gupta Raja’s of Golden Era. The Mahapatra Samanta Rajas of Chatrapur Gada worshipped Maa Devi Bhairavi as their dynasty presiding deity i.e. Istadevi. Devi Bhairavi is situated in the middle of the Argaliamountain forest range near Gadadurga of Chatrapur kingdom. Mahapatra Samanta Raja’s were happy and powerful with the blessings of Maa Devi Bhairavi, the Goddess being installed near the entrance of his Royal Fort. Two brothers Kenhya Ray and Danei Ray were appointed as royal commanders for the worship and development of Maa Bhairavi Pitha. During Dushhera Saradiya Puja, great festival was organised. Still now it is a great festival day for Maa Devi Bhairavi. When non-Brhamin Kshatriya Raja
Mrutunjaya Bhanja was the ruler of Boudh, at that time steps were taken to keep Devi Bhairavi in a thatched house but it was a wonder that before completion of the cottage it was burnt by fire. Later on this proposal for construction of thatched house or cottage for Maa Devi Bhairavi was abandoned by King Mrutunjaya Bhanja. Again new priests (sevaka) for the Upasana of Maa Devi Bhairavi were engaged. Within few days they expired. Then none dared to come to worship. Ramakrushnadev became the King of Boudh and devoted himself for religious works. After him Raja Gangadhar Dev ascended the throne of Boudh. He exavacated the new tank named Chandrapur Sagar and also many village tanks. The King of Boudh Chandrasekhar Dev placed order to Paramananda Mishra of Palasa village to go to Puruna Cuttack for the seva of Maa Devi Bhairavi and also alloted 27 villages as jagir. The priest Paramananada Purohit proceeded with his wife and two infant sons and at Puruna Katak third son was born. The eldest son Bhagaban Purohit was granted Rajingi village middle Basudev Purohit, Puruna Katak and the youngest son Jagamohan Purohit the Salakata village. King Pitamber Dev engaged Pradyumna Dehuri for the worship of Maa Devi Bhairavi as an assistant Sevak of Paramananda Purohit . On special occasion of festivals, Purohit was engaged for worship of Maa Devi Bhairavi and Dehuri was engaged for dailyNitis and Sevas of Shakti Pitha of Maa Devi Bhairavi. During Saradiya Sodasa Puja and other festivals, purohit attained the seva puja.
Till 1965 Devi Bhairavi was worshipped in a cottage. Then Sitaram Agarwal and Nandulal Agarwal constructed a new temple with the blessings of Maa Devi Bhairavi in 1969, alongwith other rooms for Bhoga kitchen and rest house for other Sevakas. During Saradiya Sodasa Parva Puja Boudh, King engaged 16 village heads called Gauntias to perform one each beginning from Aswina Krushna Mulastami. These Gauntias belongs to village (1) Puruna Cuttack (2) Salakata (3) Jiakata (4) Kamalpur (5) Ranji (6) Gurudi palli (7) Ratnapur (8) Saradhapur (9) Phulajhari (10) Balanda (11) Indrapur (12) Pitambarpur (13) Jajpur (14) Chamarpur (15) Bhabanipur (16) Chhatrapur / Udayapur. Still now the villagers of the 16 villages provide all puja materials for Maa Devi Bhairavi for Saradiya Sodasa Puja. In the shadow of bamboo and mango trees Devi Bhairavi temple is a nice and peaceful place for all devotees. Devotees dedicate animals for sacrifice during the main festival on Mahastami. Sahada tree is dezzled with vermillion (Sindura). The animals meant for sacrifice are kept here. Under the tall banyan tree Pithasena Devis are worshipped. They are gate keepers of Maa Devi Bhairavi i.e. Dwarapala, Khetrapala and Mahapala with sixtyfour yoginis. In the middle of these, Balipitheswari is seen. Animal sacrifice nitis are held here till now. After Darshana of Khetrapala and Dwarapala, one can enter into be temple of Maa Devi Bhairavi crossing five steps.
Mahavir Sardula is standing in the main temple and lion faced, tiger faced gate keepers are found in the temple of Maa Devi Bhairavi. Inside the temple along Maa Devi Bhairavi following Devis are worshipped. They are – Maheswari, Khambeswari, Dakhinakali and Durgadevi with Chalanti Pratima and Bije Pratima. During Kartika Dipawali Amavasya i.e Diwali Maa is worshipped in the form of Shyamakali, during Magha Krushna Chaturdasi Maa is seen as Ugratara and during spring Chaitra month Sukla Astami to Dasami Maa Basantika puja is celebrated and the Goddess is worshipped as Bhubaneswari, Bagala and Dakhinakali in three days respectively. Maa Devi Bhairabi is seen as Kaumari during the month of Bhadrava Krushna Astami. It is the birth day puja of Maa Bhairavi. On Bhadrava Krushna Chaturdasi Maa Bhairavi is seen as Digambari, Kanyakumari, during Bhadrava Amavasya or Saptapuri Amavasya Yogmaya Besa is seen during Bhadrab Sukla Ekadasi. It is also a nice picnic spot for its natural scenario and enchanting environment. So tourists and devotees from all over the state visit Maa Devi Bhairavi through out the year.
Purunakatak, situated at a distance of 30 km. from Boudh on Boudh-Daspalla road, is a trading center of some importance. Goddess Bhairabi is the presiding deity of the place. Previously the deity was being worshipped in a thatched hut, but recently a local businessman has constructed a temple.
The climatic condition of Boudh is much varied. The district comes under the ambit of Western Central Table Land characterized by hot and moist sub-humid climate. It has mainly 4 seasons. The summer season is from March to Mid June, the period from Mid June to September is the Rainy season, October and November constitute the post monsoon season and winter is from December to February. The best time to visit this district is during winter.
You can get food from Hotels in the town area.
Durga Puja festival is observed here for 16 days. Just oppoiite to the Bhairabi temple is the newly constructed temple of MaheswarMahadev. A large number of people from the locality congregate here during the Sivaratri festival. The Sevayatsmanage the affairs of both the temples and enjoy lands for their services.
By Air Nearest Airport is Bhubaneswar – 169 km.
By Train, Nearest Railway station is Rairakhol – 30km. From Rairakhol to Boudh
By Bus or Taxi – 30km By Road Bhubaneswar To Boudh Via Nayagada – 230km . Bhubaneswar to Boudh Via Angul – 240km
To visit Bhairabi Temple In Boudh Odisha, You can any time visit here. But On Durga Puja is a very big festival for this place. This place has rich history and culture. It is advisable to bring a camera to capture its beauty.
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