Asurgarh Fort in Kalahandi , Odisha. Asurgarh is a little town arranged in Narla Police Station region and is knownfor the remaining parts of old fortification. It is 5 KM from Narla and 3 Kms from Rupra Road Railway station. Not a long way from the town is an oval molded tank almost 200 sections of land (80.9374 Hects.) in region. Between the tank and the waterway Sandul lie the vestiges of a stronghold called Asurgarh.
The post in its unique shape was rectangular covering a wide degree of land encompassed by a boat. It has four passageways one each on the East, West, South and North where the gods Ganga Devi, Kala Pahad, Vaishnavi and Budharaja are separately being loved. Inside the post, there is a little halmets where Goddess Dokari (Literally signifies “Old Lady”), the it is revered to manage divinity of the fortress. The focal piece of the post has a higher rise with a round on it, which should be the vestiges of a castle. Neighborhood individuals accept that the stronghold was the mark of an evil spirit kind called GOSINHA DAITYA.
As soon as Chalcolithic period, the key standards of fortress were in practice for the assurance of life and properties of the occupants and for vital reasons. The old texts like Arthasastra, Manasara, Sukranitisara, Yukti-kalpataru and numerous others manage the subject of stronghold in details.
The Brahmanas and Upanishads additionally allude to the word pura and Mahapura to mean the fortress. The Ramayana outfits us with the ordered rundown of strongholds into waterway fortifications (nadya), the slope stronghold (parvatiya), the woods fortification (vana) and the fake fortress (krtrima). On the other hand the Mahabharata reports various sorts of bastion in Shantiparva, viz :- water fortification, human stronghold and woods fortress.
The Jatakas likewise notice about urban areas being sustained with dividers and defenses with braces, watch – towers and monstrous doors, multistoreyed residences, underground loads. It is additionally apparent from the compositions of old style scholars that Alexander attacked fortifications and fortresses held by Hindu bosses in fourth century B.C.3
Kautilya, the incredible expert in military science arranged the posts based on their area. In his view they are of four sorts, Viz :- Parvata (slope stronghold), Audaka (water fortification), Dhanbana (desert post) and Vanadurga (woods fortress). So there are in-numberable references about strongholds and strategies of fortress in early Indian text.4 In the current review the word garh has been refered to an early human settlement having braced municipality in Ancient Orissa (from-fourth century B.C. to fifth century A.D.).
Asurgarh post is arranged one and half miles toward the north-east of Rupra street Railway station on Sambalpur-Vishakhapatnam railroad lines. The post of Asurgarh is situated at scope 20′: 30′ and longitude 83′: 83′. It is around 20 K.Ms from Bhawanipatna, the locale central command of Kalahandi. Around one K.M. toward the south of this post, there is an old town named Asurgarh and it is maybe the fortification was named after the town or it might likewise that the town has been so named after the old fortress.
This post is the biggest and most significant one and the uncovering there illuminate the set of experiences and culture of South Kosala and Mahakantara area. The P.G. Dept of History, Sambalpur University and the Dept. of Culture, Govt. of Orissa had attempted restricted uncovering of Asurgarh mutually in the year 1973.5 Antiquities were currently uncovered at Asurgarh as referenced by Scholar P.K. Deo,6 late Maharaja of Kalahandi.
The fortress looks like with that of Sisupalgarh. It is square in plan and covers a broad area of one square kilometer. The bulwarks as found at present are around four meters in width and 15 to 50 meters in level and are made of rubbles and mud with blocks confronting near the western defenses, the stream Sandul streams toward the north to meet the waterway Tel and there by giving a characteristic limit.
Apparently the progression of the waterway has been redirected to pass by seeing the stronghold. On the eastern side of the fortification, there was a broad lake covering around 200 sections of land of land. It was organized to the point that when the foes encompassed the fortress, a mystery conduit may be opened so the entire inside and beyond the stronghold would be overflowed with water and subsequently the threatening armed force washed away by the water flows.
The post would stay as an island assuming such a flood were made, on the grounds that the fortress was arranged on an undeniable level. It is assumed that the castle was developed at the focal point of the post. During second 50% of the nineteenth 100 years, Raja Udit Pratap Dev remodeled the lake for horticultural reason. The lake at present is known as Udit Sagar as indicated by the name of Raja Udit Pratap Dev.
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The climate of the Kalahandi District is of extreme type. It is dry except during monsoon. The maximum temperature of the District is 45+ degree Celsius, whereas the minimum temperature recorded is 4 degree Celsius. The District experiences the average annual rainfall as 1378.20 mm.
You can get food from local Hotels in the local and town area.
Any time in the whole year you can visit here to fell and enjoy the port.
By Train – Nabarangpur Railway Station about (120.8Km)
By Flight – Nearest Airport to Kalahandi is at Bhubaneswar, and Raipur which are about 418 km and 261 away respectively.
By Road – Kalahandi Bus Stop (35.1Km), One can reach by Bus from Kalahandi Town to Asurgarh Fort.
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